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Things You Need to Know About How to be Prepared for a Volcanic Eruption

Things You Need to Know About How to be Prepared for a Volcanic Eruption

Living in regions prone to volcanic activity, such as the Pacific Northwest of the United States, requires preparedness for potential volcanic eruptions. These catastrophic natural events can cause extensive damage. This blog will teach you how to be prepared for a volcanic eruption, including creating an emergency plan, assembling a disaster supplies kit, staying informed about warning signs, and knowing evacuation routes.

How to Prepare Before a Volcanic Eruption

Preparing for a volcanic eruption is crucial to minimize the impact of this disaster on your well-being. Here are some key steps on how to prepare before a volcanic eruption:

  1. Keep yourself updated.

Stay informed about the volcanic activity in your region. Always tune in to official sources such as local authorities, volcanological observatories, and emergency management agencies for the latest updates and warnings.

  1. Create an emergency plan.

Craft a thorough emergency plan for your family, including identifying secure zones and evacuation roads. Additionally, choose a meeting spot and nominate a liaison if you become separated.

  1. Assemble a disaster supplies kit.

Prepare a well-stocked disaster supplies kit that can sustain you and your family for several days. Include items such as non-perishable food, drinking water, a first aid kit, medications, a flashlight, batteries, a battery-powered radio, a multi-tool, sturdy shoes, and protective masks to filter out volcanic ash.

  1. Bring a portable power station.

When it comes to a reliable power station during emergencies, the Anker SOLIX F1200 is a great choice. It's essential to pack enough power for you to charge any emergency communication and news-gathering tools you might need, such as radios and cellular phones. It is a dependable, quick-charging device with a capacity of 1229Wh, ensuring you're never left without the power you need. Plus, its Smart App Energy Control allows for quick Bluetooth data connections, providing vital information about your portable power station and peace of mind when you need it most. 

  1. Secure your home.

Cover windows and doors to prevent ash entry, close vents and dampers to minimize ash infiltration, and clear gutters and downspouts of debris. Reinforce your roof, if necessary, to withstand the weight of the ash.

  1. Stay away from danger zones.

Familiarize yourself with the danger zones identified by local authorities and stay away from them. These areas are most susceptible to volcanic hazards such as pyroclastic flows, lahars (mudflows), and ashfall. Follow evacuation orders promptly and relocate to safe areas.

  1. Maintain a safe water supply.

In the event of a volcanic eruption, water supplies can become contaminated. Store an ample supply of clean drinking water in advance, or be prepared to purify water using filtration or purification methods.

  1. Stay connected and heed warnings.

Keep your cell phone fully charged and have alternative communication methods, such as a battery-powered radio, in case of power outages. Pay close attention to official warnings, alerts, and evacuation orders issued by authorities, and act accordingly.

What We Should Do When a Volcanic Eruption Occurs

When a volcanic eruption occurs, it is crucial to act promptly and follow these guidelines to ensure your safety:

  1. Stay informed.

Listen to official sources for updates and follow instructions from local authorities regarding evacuation orders, safe zones, and other important information.

  1. Evacuate if necessary.

If there is an official evacuation announcement, do so immediately. Follow designated evacuation routes and move away from the volcano and surrounding danger zones to higher ground or safe areas identified by authorities.

  1. Protect yourself from volcanic ash.

Volcanic ash can pose respiratory and other health hazards. Stay indoors, close windows and doors, and seal any gaps where ash may enter. Use a damp cloth or mask to cover your nose and mouth when outdoors.

  1. Be cautious of falling debris.

During an eruption, rocks, ash, and other debris may fall from the sky. Take cover indoors or seek shelter under sturdy furniture if you are caught outside.

  1. Follow instructions for water and food safety.

Be cautious of contaminated water sources and food supplies that may be affected by volcanic ash. Follow guidelines from health authorities regarding water purification and food safety practices.

  1. Check on neighbors and loved ones.

Reach out to neighbors, friends, and family members to ensure their safety. Share information and offer assistance if needed.

  1. Be prepared for aftershocks.

Volcanic eruptions can be accompanied by earthquakes and subsequent aftershocks. Be prepared for these events and take necessary precautions.

  1. Stay updated.

Continuously monitor official sources of information, including local authorities, volcanological observatories, and emergency management agencies, for updates on volcanic activity and guidance on response measures.


Preparation is a key factor to secure yourself during a volcanic eruption. By staying informed, creating an emergency plan, assembling a disaster supplies kit, securing your home, and heeding official warnings, you can significantly increase your safety and readiness. Stay vigilant, be prepared, and prioritize the well-being of yourself and your loved ones.


What is a volcanic eruption?

A volcanic eruption occurs when molten rock, explosive fragments, and hot gases are released through a volcano, a crack in the crust of the Earth.  The deposit of molten underground rock in reservoirs near the Earth's surface often precedes them, even if they may be followed by releases of steam and gas from small earthen vents.

Where is the safest place to be in a volcanic eruption?

Find an evacuation route in a high location far from the volcano. Make plans with friends or family members in the safe zone (yellow or green areas on the volcanic hazard map) whom you might be able to stay with temporarily during and after an eruption if you reside in a risk zone.

How can I get the alert for a volcanic eruption?

Ask about the evacuation and shelter plans as well as any possible ash protection measures from your local emergency management. By registering for the free Volcano Notification Service (VNS), which notifies users of volcanic activity, you may learn more about community warning systems.

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