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Common Solar Panel Scams Explained

Common Solar Panel Scams Explained

As energy bills continue to rise and environmental concerns remain high, many homeowners are looking for sustainable solutions when it comes to powering their homes. One of the most widely discussed options is installing solar panels which can reduce energy costs and potentially turn a profit through government incentives or selling excess electricity back to the grid. Are solar panels a scam? No. These benefits are certainly desirable, but they come with some potential pitfalls if you're not careful - fraudulent or dangerous solar panel scams may present themselves to unwary homeowners. In this blog post, we will explore what solar panel scams exist, how they manifest themselves, and ways that you can avoid them in your own quest for clean energy. Read on to become informed and empowered as you make decisions about your home's power needs!

What Are Common Solar Panel Scams?

Solar panel scams can take various forms, but they generally involve dishonest practices aimed at deceiving consumers and taking advantage of their lack of knowledge about solar technology and industry regulations. Some common solar panel scams include:

  • Free Panel Deals

Scammers may advertise "free solar panels" as a way to attract consumers. However, these deals often come with hidden costs or requirements. They may ask for upfront fees, installation charges, or long-term contracts with high monthly payments. In some cases, scammers may collect personal information during the application process and misuse it for fraudulent purposes.

  • Deceitful Lease Agreements

Scammers may present lease agreements with misleading terms and conditions. Though many of these agreements claim "100% free", they might hide additional fees, such as maintenance or monitoring costs, or lock customers into long-term contracts with high escalation clauses. The agreements may also include terms that make it difficult for consumers to terminate the lease or transfer it to a new property owner.

To protect yourself, it is advisable to choose reputable solar companies that offer transparent and fair lease agreements. However, it's worth noting that lease agreements may not always be the best option for everyone. An alternative worth considering is a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) or a Solar Lease contract.PPAs and Solar Lease contracts often provide clearer terms, predictable monthly payments, and potential savings on electricity bills.

Power Purchase Agreement (PPA): In a PPA, a solar energy provider installs and maintains solar panels on a homeowner's or business owner's property. The offtaker agrees to purchase the electricity generated by the panels at a predetermined rate for a specified period, typically 10 to 25 years. The offtaker benefits from solar energy without the upfront costs of panel ownership, while the provider handles system maintenance and operation.

Solar Lease: With a solar lease, the homeowner or business owner leases the solar panels from a solar energy company for around 20 years. The offtaker pays a fixed monthly lease payment for the right to use the panels and benefit from the electricity produced. The lease payment covers panel usage, often including maintenance and warranty services provided by the solar company.

  • Fake Utility Representatives

Fake utility representatives are a prevalent form of solar panel scam where scammers masquerade as state or utility representatives and target homeowners through door-to-door visits, emails, or phone calls. They make enticing claims, such as the availability of new tax credits, the expiration of incentives, the potential to save on electricity bills, or even the complete elimination of bills. However, legitimate representatives do not engage in such practices, and many of these claims are only partially true.

While certain states offer incentives and rebate programs for solar panels, homeowners should be cautious of exaggerated promises and conduct thorough research on state and local incentives. It's crucial to be aware that tax incentives have time limitations and can change annually. While savings on electricity bills are possible with solar panels, the complete elimination of bills is unlikely. The presence of government tax incentives should also be verified, as scammers often misuse this information to create urgency.

  • High-Pressure Sales Tactics

Scammers employ aggressive and unethical sales tactics to pressure consumers into quick decisions. They might use tactics like limited-time offers, claiming that slots are filling up fast, or offering exclusive discounts if customers sign contracts on the spot.  Scammers restrict the time available for decision-making, discourage independent research or expert advice, and lack transparency in providing information. They often dismiss homeowners' concerns and redirect the conversation back to the urgency of the offer. Being aware of these signs is crucial for homeowners to protect themselves from high-pressure sales scams and make informed decisions by conducting thorough research, seeking independent advice, and comparing offers from reputable solar companies.

  • Misrepresenting Tax Credit

Scammers may falsely claim that homeowners are eligible for significant tax credits or incentives, even if they don't meet the requirements. They exploit homeowners' desire to maximize their savings and reduce the upfront costs of solar installations. By providing false information about tax credits, scammers deceive homeowners into making hasty decisions, leading to disappointment and financial loss when the promised credits do not materialize.

  • Unethical Digital Marketing Tactics

Scammers use various online tactics to defraud homeowners. They may send phishing emails pretending to be from legitimate solar companies, asking for personal information or directing recipients to fraudulent websites to make payments. Scammers may also create fake online advertisements promoting unrealistically low-cost solar installations or exaggerated savings. Clicking on these ads or submitting personal information can lead to identity theft, financial losses, or the installation of subpar solar systems.

The mentioned scams are commonly reported in the US due to the popularity of solar energy and the incentives provided by various states and the federal government. By being informed and vigilant, you can avoid falling victim to common solar panel scams and make confident decisions when investing in solar energy for your home or business.

What Cause Solar Panel Scams?

There are several factors that contribute to the occurrence of solar panel scams. The most significant ones include:

  • Lack of Regulation

The solar industry is still relatively new and evolving, with varying regulations across different regions. This lack of uniformity makes it easier for scammers to exploit gaps in oversight and take advantage of consumers who are unfamiliar with the industry standards and requirements.

  • Complex Technology

Solar panels and associated equipment involve intricate technology and specialized knowledge. Scammers prey on consumers' limited understanding of solar energy systems to manipulate information and create misleading claims, making it difficult for victims to identify the scam.

  • High Demand and Incentives

The increasing demand for solar panels, coupled with government incentives and tax credits, has created a lucrative market for scammers. Consumers may rush into decisions, driven by the desire to take advantage of financial benefits, without conducting thorough research or verifying the legitimacy of the companies offering solar installations.

How to Prevent Solar Panel Scams?

To avoid falling victim to solar panel scams, it's essential to be vigilant and take proactive measures. Here are some tips to help you steer clear of scams:

  1. Research and Verify: Thoroughly research any solar company or installer before engaging with them. Check their credentials, reviews, and ratings from reliable sources. Verify their licenses, certifications, and affiliations with recognized industry organizations.
  1. Get Multiple Quotes: Obtain quotes and proposals from multiple solar companies. Compare the offers, pricing, warranties, and equipment being provided. Beware of significantly low prices or unrealistic claims that seem too good to be true.
  1. Read Contracts Carefully: Carefully read and understand all the terms and conditions mentioned in the contracts. If something seems unclear or questionable, seek clarification from the company or consult a legal professional.
  1. Beware of High-Pressure Tactics: Be cautious of high-pressure sales tactics that create a sense of urgency or force you to make immediate decisions. Legitimate solar companies will give you time to review and consider the proposal without rushing you.
  1. Verify Incentives and Rebates: Independently verify the availability, eligibility, and terms of any tax credits, incentives, or rebate programs mentioned by the solar company. Consult official government websites or contact local authorities to get accurate information.
  1. Avoid Upfront Payments: Be cautious of companies that demand large upfront payments or ask for payments in cash. Legitimate companies usually follow a payment schedule tied to project milestones.
  1. Trust Your Instincts: If something feels off or too good to be true, trust your instincts. If a deal appears suspicious or raises red flags, it's better to walk away and explore other options.
  1. Seek Advice: Reach out to friends, family, or neighbors who have installed solar panels and ask for their recommendations. Personal experiences can provide valuable insights and help you identify reputable installers in your area. Consider consulting with independent solar energy experts, consumer protection agencies, or local authorities to get advice and guidance on solar installations and potential scams.
  1. Choose Established Installers: Opt for well-established and reputable solar installation companies that have a track record of successful installations and satisfied customers. Avoid engaging with door-to-door salespeople or unsolicited calls promoting solar panel installations.
  1. Use Trusted Brands: Consider using trusted solar panel brands that have been in the market for a substantial period. For example, the Anker 531 solar panel is a reliable and renowned brand known for its high-quality products and excellent customer support. With its 3-mode angle adjustments, you can easily optimize its position for maximum solar efficiency. Plus, its IP67 waterproof protection ensures durability even in harsh weather conditions. The panel's monocrystalline solar cells and sunlight-trapping surface provide an impressive energy conversion efficiency, reaching up to 23%. What's more, the Anker 531 Solar Panel comes with a 24-month worry-free warranty and friendly customer service, giving reliable support. By choosing trusted brands like Anker, you can have peace of mind knowing that reputable brands minimize the risk of falling for substandard or counterfeit equipment.

By staying informed, conducting thorough research, and exercising caution, you can protect yourself from solar panel scams and make informed decisions when adopting solar energy.


Solar panel scams are unfortunate but preventable occurrences. By staying informed, conducting thorough research, and working with reputable installers and trusted brands, consumers can protect themselves from falling victim to these fraudulent practices. Remember to seek recommendations, educate yourself about solar technology, and obtain multiple quotes to ensure transparency and make informed decisions. With the right precautions, solar energy can provide a sustainable and cost-effective solution for meeting your energy needs while contributing to a greener future.

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