There are 3 types of cable connectors that are used for charging phones.
USB-C Charging Cables: This is the most commonly used charging cable, designed to work with all the latest Android phones, and a wide range of tablets, laptops, and more.
Lightning Charging Cables: The Lightning connector is used exclusively with Apple devices, though not all of them. Currently the iPhone still uses a Lightning connector, while the latest iPad models are now using USB-C. A Lightning cable is also required to charge AirPods.
Micro USB Charging Cables: The Micro USB cable is now virtually obsolete. In the past it was the main charging method for phones, small items like toys, and early wireless headphones.